Garry Rowland - Lakota

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Lakota Wounded Knee 73 Veteran und enger Freund von Russell Means möchte in Deutsch-sprachige Länder kommen

Lakota-Dozent Garry Rowland ist Wounded Knee 73 Veteran, Begründer der Republik Lakotah und war enger Freund von Russell Means – Indianerführer: er möchte gern in Europa bzw. in Deutsch-sprachigen Ländern über seinen Kampf für die Rechte der Indianer und seine Lebenserfahrungen Vorträge halten.

Eine Leipzigerin übersetzt die 200 handschriftlich verfassten Seiten der Memoiren von Garry Rowland ins Deutsche.

Die traditionelle Regierungsform gibt es noch bei den Lakota. Das US Bureau of Indian Affairs hat die Verträge auf das Rechtsniveau ins Jahre 1934 zurück versetzt. Im Jahr 1991 war Garry Rowland zum Häuptling des Treaty Councils auf der Pine Ridge Indian Reservation gewählt wurden. Aufgrund gesundheitlicher Probleme ist Garry als Häuptling zurückgetreten, obwohl diese wichtige Funktion eine lebenslange Position ist.

Jedenfalls wurde Garry als Häuptling seiner eigenen Tiospaye (Clan) im Jahr 1999 gewählt.

Tegheya Kte, so lautet der Lakotaname von Garry Rowland, ist auch der Direktor des Holocaust Museum in Wounded Knee. Gleichfalls ist er Direktor der Wounded Knee AIM-Gruppe.

Weiterhin ist Garry auch einer der Organisatoren der Häuptling Big Foot Memorial Ritte, die im Jahr 1986 gestartet wurden.

Auf Wunsch von Russell Means wurde 1988 ein Memorial-Ritt von 12 Teilnehmen von Garry Rowland nach Montana zum General Custer-Denkmal geleitet. Sie forderten, dass auch ein Denkmal zum Andenken der beteiligten Indianer errichtet wird, die ihr Leben dort in diesem Kampf gaben. Russell Means und Garry Rowland waren eng befreundet.

Tegheya Kte wünscht eine Redner-Tour in naher Zukunft in Europa zu unternehmen. „Tegheya Kte“ bedeutet „Hard to kill“ (Deutsch: Schwer zu töten).

Garry kann Schwitzhütten-Zeremonien in Deutsch-sprachigen Ländern durchführen und es gibt eine Menge Deutsche, die extra in die USA kommen, um am Sonnentanz teilzunehmen, vor allem beim Onkel von Garry, Häuptling Leonard Crow Dog.

Von 1968 bis 1970 war Garry in der US Army in Deutschland in Baumholder. Er diente auch als Sergeant der Polizei bei den Oglala Sioux. Garry war an der South Dakota State Police Academy in Pierre.

Diejenigen, die an dem Lakota Häuptling Garry Rowland interessiert sind, werden gebeten sich um Unterkunft zu kümmern und sich an den Kosten für die Reise zu beteiligen.

Kontakt: Garry Rowland
P.O. Box 208, Wounded Knee,SD 57794 Phone # 605-867-2852
Email: growland2000@yahoo.com

Webseiten:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5s37mCFMhQ

http://nativeamericannetroots.net/diary/50

http://www.islandbreath.org/2007Year/14-hawaiianculture/0714-14LakotaSovereignty.html

Was bedeutetcWounded Knee 73?

http://www1.wdr.de/themen/archiv/stichtag/stichtag7464.html

Ausgerechnet in Wounded Knee tötete die US-Armee 1890 bei einem Massaker etwa 350 Lakota-Indianer. Danach wurden die letzten frei lebenden Indianer in Reservate gesperrt und die sogenannten Indianerkriege übeendet erklärt.

1973 handelt es sich um einen Aufstand von Lakota von Pine Ridge. Sie haben AIM (Amerikanische Indianerbewegung) um öffentlichkeitswirksame Hilfe gegen die korrupte Stammesregierung unter Richard "Dick" gebeten. Für viele Oglala ist er ein "Apfel" - ßrot, innen weiß; ein Komplize der US-Regierung. Wilson steckt Gelder aus Washington in die eigene Tasche und drangsaliert die Reservatsbevölkerung mit einer Privatarmee, die tödliche Verbrechen begeht. Die Arbeitslosigkeit liegt bei 85 Prozent, die Lebenserwartung bei nur 47 Jahren.

Wounded Knee wird von FBI und Armee umstellt. Erste Reporterteams sind vor Ort. Vor laufender Kamera erläutert der alte Stammeshäuptling Fools Crow die Forderungen der Rebellen: Verbesserung der Lebensbedingungen im Reservat, Verhandlungen mit der Regierung über gebrochene Verträge, Untersuchung der gewaltsamen Todesfälle im Reservat - und vor allem die Absetzung von Wilson. Die US-Regierung dagegen verlangt die sofortige Freilassung der Geiseln. Aktivist Russell Means führt die Unterhändler in die belagerten Häuser und gibt später an, Agnes Gildersleeve - die weiße Besitzerin des Handelspostens - habe den verblüfften Männern erklärt, sie betrachte sich nicht als Geisel und sie denke nicht daran wegzugehen, denn dann würden die Indianer sofort getötet.

Tagsüber verhandeln Indianern, FBI und Politikern in Zelten. Nachts liegt Wounded Knee unter dem Beschuss der US-Streitkräfte. Am 11. März 1973 rufen die Rebellen für das umkämpfte Gebiet einen unabhängigen Oglala-Staat aus. Eine Abordnung mit Häuptling Fools Crow an der Spitze fliegt nach New York, um bei den Vereinten Nationen die Anerkennung der neuen Nation zu erwirken - vergeblich. Die US-Regierung versucht unterdessen, die Rebellen auszuhungern. Der Lebensmittelnachschub sowie die Wasser- und Stromversorgung werden unterbunden. Am 8. Mai 1973, nach 71 Tagen, geben die Indianer erschöpft auf. Viele leiden an Lungenentzündung. Zwei Indianer und ein FBI-Beamter sind bei Schusswechseln getötet worden.

Die Forderungen der Rebellen werden nicht erfüllt. Wilson bleibt im Amt. Seine paramilitärischen Einheiten nehmen blutige Rache an jenen, die während des Aufstandes auf der Seite von AIM gestanden haben. Mehr als 60 Morde werden in den Jahren danach in Pine Ridge verübt - und nie aufgeklärt. Das Reservat, in dem sich Wounded Knee befindet, gehört heute immer noch zu den ärmsten Gegenden der USA. Auch wenn nun in einem "Community College" gut ausgebildete Indianer aus der Stadt unterrichten und es einen kleinen Radiosender gibt, der sein Programm in der Stammessprache ausstrahlt.

Lakota Wounded Knee 73 veteran and close friend of Russell Means would like to come to Europe

Lakota lecturer Garry Rowland is Wounded Knee 73 veteran, co-founder of the Republic of Lakotah was a close friend of Russell Means: he would like to hold speaker-tours in Europe about his struggle for the rights of the Native Americans and his life experiences.

Garry Rowland wrote his memoir. Maybe it can be translated into other European languages. A woman from Leipzig translates the 200 handwritten pages of the memoirs of Garry Rowland into German.

The traditional form of government known as the Treaty Council still exist in Lakota country. The U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs outlawed  the Treaty Councils back in 1934. They replaced it with the present tribal council system. Tiospaye is a family extended family unit that governs the clan. In 1991 Tegheya Kte, so is the Lakota name of Garry Rowland, was chosen the President or Chief of the Treaty Council on the Pine Ridge Indian reservation. He had to step aside due to health problems even though this position is a lifelong position.

Anyway Garry was chosen to be the leader of his Tiospaye in 1999. Chief Fire Lightning was of the principal chiefs here when it was first settled. He was allotted the very land where the Mass grave of the 1890 massacre took place. Since then our tiospaye built a round building on the actual site.

Garry Roland is the director of The Holocaust Museum at Wounded Knee also. He is the of the Wounded Knee AIM chapter too.

Tegheya Kte is also one of the organizers of the Chief Big Foot Memorial Riders that started 1986. We rode from the site where Big Foot camped at Bridger, SD. It is about a 200 mile ride in the month of December. Back in 1988 Russell Means asked if Garry could take some of the riders to Montana. He did take 12 horses and riders to Montana and they ended up demanding a name change of General George Custer. We set up a metal plaque at the foot of Custers Monument and demanded the name change . We also demanded a memorial built in behalf of our people that gave their lives during that battle.

In 1991 The U.S. Congress passed a Bill to change the name from Custer National Park to Big Horn National Park. Garry Rowland and Russell Means were pretty close until he passed over. In 2005 when they dedicated the Monument that was finally finished.

Tegheya Kte also does lectures and he knows his history very well. „Tegheya Kte“ means „Hard to kill“.

Garry can also conduct sweat lodge ceremonies and there are a lot of German people that come to the U.S. to do Sundances, mainly to uncle Chief Leonard Crow Dogs Sundance.

He has served honorably in the United States Army (Airborne) and served a tour in Germany in 1968-1970 at Baumholder. And he also served as a Sergeant of Police in the Oglala Sioux Tribe Public Safety Department. Garry attended the South Dakota State Police academy at Pierre, Dakota.

Those people that are interested should help out on accommodations as well and help with the expense to travel there.

Contact: Garry Rowland
P.O. Box 208, Wounded Knee,SD 57794 Phone # 605-867-2852
Email: growland2000@yahoo.com

Homepages:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5s37mCFMhQ

http://nativeamericannetroots.net/diary/50

http://www.islandbreath.org/2007Year/14-hawaiianculture/0714-14LakotaSovereignty.html

What means Wounded Knee 73?

http://socialistworker.org/2013/02/27/remembering-the-wounded-knee-occupation

On February 27, 1973, a caravan of 300 armed Oglala Lakota and AIM activists arrived at Wounded Knee and declared it a liberated territory. They took over the church and trading post, blocked all the roads, and took several white hostages.

The leading participants included Leonard Crow Dog, Carter Camp, Madonna Thunder Hawk, Russell Means and Dennis Banks. As AIM leader Dennis Banks said, "The message that went out is that a band of Indians could take on the U.S. government. Tecumseh had his day, Geronimo, Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse. We had ours."

"We were about to be obliterated culturally," Russell Means explained in the documentaryWe Shall Remain at Wounded Knee. "Our spiritual way of life, our entire way of life was about to be stamped out. And this was a rebirth of our dignity and self-pride."

Within hours of the start of the occupation, the federal government mobilized an overwhelming response, sending over 200 FBI agents, federal marshals and BIA police to surround and blockade Wounded Knee.

The senators from South Dakota, George McGovern and James Abourezk, came to negotiate freedom for the hostages--they learned that the hostages were sympathetic to the Indian cause and weren't staying against their will. Agnes Gildersleeve, the owner of the trading post, said, "We're not hostages, we are going to remain here. It's your fault that these Indian are here. Have you listened to them? We're not leaving because you'll kill them if we leave!"

Shootouts happened almost every night of the occupation. Leonard Crow Dog, one of the spiritual leaders, would lead people in sweat lodges and ceremonies to prepare for battle if it was to come. These ceremonies were very important to the resistance and developing a sense of Native pride--American Indians weren't allowed to practice their religion and culture at the time.

THE DEMANDS of the occupiers were quite simple: investigate corruption on the reservation and hearings in Congress on broken treaties. Yet the government immediately rejected these demands, sending mid-level officials to deal with the situation and gave out ultimatums about the occupiers leaving Wounded Knee. AIM burned this document in front of the cameras.

The mainstream media broadcast continued to demonize AIM and try to turn public opinion against the movement. Nevertheless, the occupation gained sympathy throughout the U.S., with majorities saying they supported the Indians. Actor Marlon Brando would refuse to accept his Oscar for best actor in The Godfather in a protest in solidarity with Native rights and against the stereotypes of Indians in movies. Apache actress Sacheen Littlefeather gave a speech refusing the award that was watched by millions.

The occupation was taking place as the Watergate scandal was rocking the Nixonadministration.  The administration didn't want to look any worse than it already did by raiding the village, which was the site of the 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre. AIM and Lakota activists were able to build solidarity around the country as supplies continued to flood in. Thousands of people came to participate, including American Indians from tribes around the country, along with white, Chicano, Black and Asian activists.

A small delegation led by Frank Fools Crow went to the United Nations in an attempt to gain recognition of the occupation's autonomy as a liberated nation. The request was denied.

Meanwhile, the response of the FBI was go all-out against the occupation. Former FBI agent Joe Trimbach later recalled: "The [FBI] director said, 'Tell Trimbach he can have anything he wants!' Which was pretty neat, because it was like having a blank check. I had agents go up to Rapid City and buy every rifle they could find."

The U.S. government was worried that Wounded Knee would become an example that others would follow. A high-ranking BIA official expressed alarm over his view that Wounded Knee had "crystallized a revolutionary movement in the United States."

By the end of the occupation, two American Indians had been killed, Buddy Lamont and Frank Clearwater. Buddy Lamont was from Pine Ridge, a Vietnam veteran and well-known on the reservation--the radio station building at Pine Ridge is now named after him. Lamont's great-grandparents were with Crazy Horse at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, and his grandmother was one of the few survivors of the Wounded Knee Massacre. Frank Clearwater was a Cherokee from North Carolina who had just arrived with his wife at Wounded Knee. He was killed by a stray bullet as he was laying down.

As the FBI escalated its attack on AIM, the occupation became harder and harder to sustain. With no electricity and running water and supplies dwindling, the occupation pushed people to their limits. After 71 days, at the request of Frank Fools Crow, the occupation ended on May 8. The FBI came in, and disarmed and arrested 120 people. Fortunately, however, many people had snuck out the night before, evading arrest.

Gladys Bissonette, who had been part of the occupation throughout, said on its last day: This was one of the greatest things that ever happened in my life. And although today is our last day here, I still feel like I'll always be here because this is part of my home...I hope that the Indians, at least throughout the Pine Ridge Reservation, unite and stand up together, hold hands and never forget Wounded Knee. We didn't have anything here, we didn't have anything to eat. But we had one thing--that was unity and friendship amongst 64 different tribes...I have never seen anything like this.

By the end of the occupation, more than 1,200 people had been arrested nationwide in relation to the protest, and 500 elders were indicted. Most were acquitted--however, Leonard Crow Dog ended up serving a couple months in prison.

With the resistance of the Idle No More movement undoubtedly continuing in Canada and the U.S., it's important for us to remember and learn from the struggles of th  past and the story of a people who have been written out of the history books.

One of the most important lessons of the occupation of Wounded Knee is the importance of solidarity. The courage of the Lakota was inspiring, but the occupation would never have lasted as long as it did without the support it had from the public.

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